योगी आदित्यनाथ

योगी आदित्यनाथ (मूल नाम : अजय सिंह बिष्ट; जन्म जून ) गोरखपुर के प्रसिद्ध गोरखनाथ मन्दिर के महन्त तथा राजनेता हैं एवं उत्तर प्रदेश के मुख्यमन्त्री हैं। इन्होंने मार्च को प्रदेश के विधान सभा चुनावों में भारतीय जनता पार्टी की बड़ी जीत के बाद यहाँ के वें मुख्यमन्त्री पद की शपथ ली। वे से लगातार भारतीय जनता पार्टी के टिकट पर गोरखपुर लोकसभा क्षेत्र का प्रतिनिधित्व कर रहे हैं और लोकसभा चुनाव में भी यहीं से सांसद चुने गए थे। आदित्यनाथ गोरखनाथ मन्दिर के पूर्व महन्त अवैद्यनाथ के उत्तराधिकारी हैं। ये हिन्दू युवाओं के सामाजिक, सांस्कृतिक और राष्ट्रवादी समूह हिन्दू युवा वाहिनी के संस्थापक भी हैं, तथा इनकी छवि कथित तौर पर एक कट्टर हिन्दू नेता की रही है।


प्रारंभिक जीवन
जून को उत्तराखण्ड (तत्कालीन उत्तर प्रदेश; देखें: उत्तर प्रदेश का विभाजन) के पौड़ी गढ़वाल जिले स्थित यमकेश्वर तहसील के पंचूड़ गाँव के गढ़वाली राजपूत परिवार में योगी आदित्यनाथ का जन्म हुआ। इनके पिता का नाम आनन्द सिंह बिष्ट, फॉरेस्ट रेंजर थे, तथा इनकी मां का नाम सावित्री देवी है। अपनी माता-पिता के सात बच्चों में तीन बड़ी बहनों व एक बड़े भाई के बाद ये पांचवें थे एवं इनसे और दो छोटे भाई हैं।

इन्होंने में टिहरी के गजा के स्थानीय स्कूल में पढ़ाई शुरू की व में यहाँ से दसवीं की परीक्षा पास की। सन् में ऋषिकेश के श्री भरत मन्दिर इण्टर कॉलेज से इन्होंने इंटरमीडिएट की परीक्षा पास की। में ग्रेजुएशन की पढ़ाई करते हुए ये अखिल भारतीय विद्यार्थी परिषद से जुड़े। में श्रीनगर के हेमवती नन्दन बहुगुणा गढ़वाल विश्वविद्यालय से इन्होंने गणित में बीएससी की परीक्षा पास की। कोटद्वार में रहने के दौरान इनके कमरे से सामान चोरी हो गया था जिसमें इनके सनत प्रमाण पत्र भी थे। इस कारण से गोरखपुर से विज्ञान स्नातकोत्तर करने का इनका प्रयास असफल रह गया। इसके बाद इन्होंने ऋषिकेश में पुनः विज्ञान स्नातकोत्तर में प्रवेश तो लिया लेकिन राम मंदिर आंदोलन का प्रभाव और प्रवेश को लेकर परेशानी से उनका ध्यान अन्य ओर बंट गया। में गणित में एमएससी की पढ़ाई के दौरान गुरु गोरखनाथ पर शोध करने ये गोरखपुर आए एवं गोरखपुर प्रवास के दौरान ही ये महंत अवैद्यनाथ के संपर्क में आए थे जो इनके पड़ोस के गांव के निवासी और परिवार के पुराने परिचित थे। अंततः ये महंत की शरण में ही चले गए और दीक्षा ले ली। में ये पूर्ण संन्यासी बन गए, जिसके बाद इनका नाम अजय सिंह बिष्ट से योगी आदित्यनाथ हो गया।

योगी आदित्यनाथ सितंबर को गोरखनाथ मंदिर के पूर्व महन्त अवैद्यनाथ के निधन के बाद उन्हें यहाँ का महंत बनाया गया। दिन बाद उन्हें नाथ पंथ के पारंपरिक अनुष्ठान के अनुसार मंदिर का पीठाधीश्वर बनाया गया।


राजनैतिक जीवन
सबसे पहले में योगी आदित्यनाथ गोरखपुर से भाजपा प्रत्याशी के तौर पर चुनाव लड़े और जीत गए। तब इनकी उम्र केवल वर्ष थी। वे बारहवीं लोक सभा (-) के सबसे युवा सांसद थे। में ये गोरखपुर से पुनः सांसद चुने गए।

अप्रैल में इन्होंने हिन्दू युवा वाहिनी बनायी। में तीसरी बार लोकसभा का चुनाव जीता। में ये लाख से ज्यादा वोटों से जीतकर लोकसभा पहुंचे। में पांचवी बार एक बार फिर से दो लाख से ज्यादा वोटों से जीतकर ये सांसद चुने गए। के लोकसभा चुनाव में भाजपा को बहुमत मिला, इसके बाद उत्तर प्रदेश में विधानसभा सीटों पर उपचुनाव हुए। इसमें योगी आदित्यनाथ से काफी प्रचार कराया गया, लेकिन परिणाम निराशाजनक रहा। में विधानसभा चुनाव में बीजेपी के राष्ट्रीय अध्यक्ष ने योगी आदित्यनाथ से पूरे राज्य में प्रचार कराया। इन्हें एक हेलीकॉप्टर भी दिया गया।

मार्च में उत्तर प्रदेश के बीजेपी विधायक दल की बैठक में योगी आदित्यनाथ को विधायक दल का नेता चुनकर मुख्यमंत्री पद सौंपा गया।

भारतीय जनता पार्टी से सम्बन्ध
आदित्यनाथ के भारतीय जनता पार्टी के साथ रिश्ता एक दशक से पुराना है। वह पूर्वी उत्तर प्रदेश में अच्छा खासा प्रभाव रखते हैं। इससे पहले उनके पूर्वाधिकारी तथा गोरखनाथ मठ के पूर्व महन्त, महन्त अवैद्यनाथ भी भारतीय जनता पार्टी से तथा का लोकसभा चुनाव जीत चुके हैं।

लोकसभा चुनावों में प्रदर्शन
योगी आदित्यनाथ सबसे पहले में गोरखपुर से चुनाव भाजपा प्रत्याशी के तौर पर लड़े और तब उन्होंने बहुत ही कम अंतर से जीत दर्ज की। लेकिन उसके बाद हर चुनाव में उनका जीत का अंतर बढ़ता गया और वे , , तथा में सांसद चुने गए। इन्होंने अप्रैल मे हिन्दू युवा वाहिनी बनायी।

विवाद
सितम्बर को योगी आदित्यनाथ पर आजमगढ़ में जानलेवा हिंसक हमला हुआ था। इस हमले में वे बाल-बाल बचे। यह हमला इतना बड़ा था कि सौ से भी अधिक वाहनों को हमलावरों ने घेर लिया और लोगों को लहूलुहान कर दिया। आदित्यनाथ को गोरखपुर दंगों के दौरान तब गिरफ्तार किया गया जब मुस्लिम त्यौहार मोहर्रम के दौरान फायरिंग में एक हिन्दू युवा की जान चली गयी। जिलाधिकारी ने बताया कि वह बुरी तरह जख्मी है। तब अधिकारियों ने योगी को उस जगह जाने से मना कर दिया परन्तु आदित्यनाथ उस जगह पर जाने को अड़ गए। तब उन्होंने शहर में लगे कर्फ्यू को हटाने की मांग की। अगले दिन उन्होंने शहर के मध्य श्रद्धाञ्जलि सभा का आयोजन करने की घोषणा की लेकिन जिलाधिकारी ने इसकी अनुमति देने से मना कर दिया। आदित्यनाथ ने भी इसकी चिंता नहीं की और हजारों समर्थकों के साथ अपनी गिरफ़्तारी दी। आदित्यनाथ को सीआरपीसी की धारा A, , , , के तहत जेल भेज दिया गया। उनपर कार्यवाही का असर हुआ कि मुंबई-गोरखपुर गोदान एक्सप्रेस के कुछ डिब्बे फूंक दिए गए, जिसका आरोप उनके संगठन हिन्दू युवा वाहिनी पर लगा।

यह दंगे पूर्वी उत्तर प्रदेश के छह जिलों और तीन मंडलों में भी फैल गए।उनकी गिरफ़्तारी के अगले दिन जिलाधिकारी हरि ओम और पुलिस प्रमुख राजा श्रीवास्तव का तबादला हो गया। कथित रूप से आदित्यनाथ के ही दबाव के कारण मुलायम सिंह यादव की उत्तर प्रदेश सरकार को यह कार्यवाही करनी पड़ी।

योगी धर्मांतरण के खिलाफ और घर वापसी के लिए काफी चर्चा में रहे। में योगी आदित्यनाथ ने कथित तौर पर ईसाइयों का शुद्धीकरण कर हिन्दू धर्म में शामिल कराया। ईसाइयों के इस शुद्धीकरण का काम उत्तर प्रदेश के एटा जिले में किया गया था।

मुख्यमंत्री निर्वाचन


योगी आदित्यनाथ ने रविवार, मार्च को उत्तर प्रदेश के मुख्यमंत्री के तौर पर शपथ ली। शपथ समारोह लखनऊ के कांशीराम स्मृति उपवन में हुआ। इनके साथ दो उप-मुख्यमंत्री भी बनाये गए हैं। उत्तर प्रदेश के राजनीतिक इतिहास में पहली बार दो उप-मुख्यमंत्री बने हैं। समारोह प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी, बीजेपी अध्यक्ष अमित शाह और पार्टी के कई वरिष्ठ नेता शामिल थे। मंच पर अखिलेश यादव और मुलायम सिंह भी मौजूद रहे।

UP CM - योगी आदित्यनाथ, Yogi Adityanath


Yogi Adityanath (born Ajay Singh Bisht; June ) is an Indian priest and politician with an image as a Hindutva (Hindu nationalist) "firebrand". He is the current Chief Minister of the state of Uttar Pradesh. He was appointed in March after the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won the state assembly elections, in which he was a prominent campaigner. He has been the Member of Parliament from the Gorakhpur constituency, Uttar Pradesh for five consecutive terms since . Adityanath is also the Mahant or head priest of the Gorakhnath Math, a Hindu temple in Gorakhpur, a position he has held since the death of his spiritual "father," Mahant Avaidyanath, in September . He is also the founder of the Hindu Yuva Vahini, an extremist and militant youth organisation that has been involved in communal violence


Early life and education

Yogi Adityanath was born as Ajay Singh Bisht into a Garhwali Rajput family on June in the village of Panchur, in Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand (formerly in Uttar Pradesh). His father Anand Singh Bisht was a forest ranger. He completed his Bachelor’s Degree in Mathematics from the Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University in Uttarakhand.

He left home around s to join the Ayodhya Ram temple movement. He came under the influence of Mahant Avaidyanath, the chief priest of the Gorakhnath Math, and became his disciple. Subsequently he was given the name 'Yogi Adityanath' and designated as the successor of the Mahant Avaidyanath. While based in Gorakhpur after his initiation, Adityanath has often visited his ancestral village, establishing a school there in .


Religious career

Adityanath renounced his family at the age of and became a disciple of Mahant Avaidyanath, then the head priest of Gorakhnath Math. He was promoted to the rank of Mahant of Guru Gorakhnath Temple, following the death of Mahant Aavaidyanath on September . Yogi Adityanath was made Peethadhishwar of Gorakhnath Temple amid traditional rituals of the Nath sect on September .



Politics

Scholar Christophe Jaffrelot states that Yogi Adityanath belongs to a specific tradition of Hindutva politics in Uttar Pradesh that can be traced back to the Mahant Digvijay Nath, who led the capture of the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya for Hindus on December . Both Digvijay Nath and his successor, Mahant Avaidyanath, belonged to the Hindu Mahasabha and were elected to the Parliament on that party's ticket. After the BJP and the Sangh Parivar joined the Ayodhya movement in the s, the two strands of Hindu nationalism came together. Avaidyanath switched to the BJP in , but nevertheless maintained significant autonomy. Yogi Adityanath was appointed Avaidyanath's successor as the Mahant of Gorakhnath Math in . Four years later, he was elected to the Lower House of the Indian Parliament (the Lok Sabha).

Adityanath was the youngest member of the th Lok Sabha at . He has been elected to the Parliament from Gorakhpur for five consecutive terms (in , , , and elections).

After his first electoral win, Adityanath started his own militant youth wing Hindu Yuva Vahini, which has been known for violent activities in the Purvanchal region in eastern Uttar Pradesh but was instrumental in Adityanath's meteoric rise. There have been recurrent tensions between Adityanath and the BJP leadership over the allocation of election tickets. However, the BJP has not let the tensions mount because Adityanath has served as a star campaigner for the party.

Yogi's attendance in Lok Sabha was % and he has asked questions, participated in debates and introduced three private member Bills in the th Lok Sabha.

Relations with the BJP

Adityanath has had strained relations with the BJP for more than a decade. He often derided and undermined the BJP, criticising its dilution of the Hindutva ideology. Having established his own independent powerbase in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, with the support of the Hindu Yuva Vahini and the Gorakhnath Math, he felt confident to be able to dictate terms to the BJP. When his voice was not heard, he revolted by fielding candidates against the official BJP candidates. The most prominent example was the fielding of Radha Mohan Das Agarwal from Gorakhpur on a Hindu Mahasabha ticket in , who then defeated BJP Cabinet minister, Shiv Pratap Shukla by a wide margin. In , Adityanath threatened to field candidates for the state assembly against the BJP candidates. But he reached a compromise in the end. In Parliamentary elections, Adityanath was rumoured to have campaigned against the BJP candidates who were then defeated.

Despite his periodic revolts, Yogi Adityanath has been kept in good humour by the RSS and the BJP leaders. The deputy prime minister L. K. Advani, the RSS chief Rajendra Singh and the VHP chief Ashok Singhal have visited him in Gorakhpur. During – December , Adityanath organised a three-day Virat Hindu Mahasammelan at Gorakhpur at the same time as the BJP National Executive Meet in Lucknow. Despite the conflict, several RSS and VHP leaders attended the Mahasammelan, which issued a commitment to pursue the Hindutva goals despite the BJP's claimed "abandonment" of them.

In March , Adityanath was one of several BJP MPs who defied the party whip on the Women's Reservation Bill in the Parliament.

Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh

He was a prominent campaigner for the BJP in the assembly elections in the state of Uttar Pradesh. He was appointed Chief Minister of the state on March after the BJP won the assembly elections. The illegal slaughterhouses in Uttar Pradesh faced shutdowns from the administration after his becoming the Chief Minister. Yogi ordered the forming of anti-romeo squads and imposed a blanket ban on cow-smuggling. He also imposed a stay on UPPSC results, exams and interviews till further order. He imposed a ban on tobacco, pan and gutka in government offices across the state and made the officials pledge to devote hours every year for the Swachh Bharat Mission. More than policemen were suspended by the Uttar Pradesh police.

After becoming the CM of UP, he kept around ministries to himself including Home, Housing, Town and country planning department, Revenue, Food and Civil Supplies, Food Security and drug administration, Economics and statistics, Mines and Minerals, Flood control, stamp and registry, prison, general administration, secretariat administration, vigilance, personnel and appointment, information, institutional finance, planning, estate department, urban land, UP state reorganisation committee, administration reforms, programme implementation, national integration, infrastructure, coordination, language, external aided project, Relief and Rehabilitation, Public Service Management, Rent Control, Consumer protection, weights and measures.

Controversies

In , Adityanath led a 'purification drive' which involved the conversion of Christians to Hinduism. In one such instance, , Christians were reportedly converted to Hinduism in the town of Etah in Uttar Pradesh. He said, "I will not stop till I turn UP and India into a Hindu Rashtra (Hindu state)."

In January , an altercation occurred amidst a Hindu group and Muslims during a Muharram procession in Gorakhpur which led to the hospitalisation of a young Hindu, Raj Kumar Agrahari. The District Magistrate made it clear that Adityanath should not visit the site as it may inflame tensions. He initially agreed but after Agrahari died, he disobeyed the magistrate and travelled to the site with a group of his followers. Adityanath started a non-violent dharna on the site. However inflammatory speeches were made and some of his followers set fire to a nearby mazar (Muslim mausoleum). A curfew was implemented by the local police, but Adityanath broke it and was subsequently jailed under Section A, Sections , , , of the Indian Penal Code. He was arrested and remanded for a fortnight, on charges of disturbing peace. His arrest led to further unrest and several coaches of the Mumbai bound Mumbai-Gorakhpur Godan Express were burnt, allegedly by protesting Hindu Yuva Vahini activists. The day after the arrest, the District Magistrate along with the local police chief, were transferred and replaced. This was "widely perceived" as a result of "Adityanath's clout" with the Uttar Pradesh government of Mulayam Singh Yadav. The tensions soon escalated to riots across Gorakhpur leading to the burning of mosques, homes, buses and trains. After his release, Adityanath protested his jailing in the Parliament.

In March , the documentary film Saffron War - Radicalization of Hinduism accused Adityanath of promoting communal disharmony through a Virat Hindustan rally in rural Uttar Pradesh. Adityanath shared the stage during a hate speech in which an unidentified speaker urged the Hindu audience to dig up the graves of Muslim women and rape the corpses. Recording of this event went viral on social media in March . In August , political activist and lawyer Shehzaad Poonawala wrote to the National Commission for Minorities demanding that a police First Information Report be filed against Yogi Adityanath.

In an undated video that surfaced on YouTube during August , Adityanath, reportedly during a public speech at Azamgarh, referring to the religious conversions due to inter-religious marriages, has said, "if they take one Hindu girl, we will take Muslims girls." In the same video, he continues to say, "if they kill one Hindu, there will be that we" and pauses, as the gathered crowd shouts: "kill".

In June , Adityanath, while talking about Surya Namaskara, and Yoga has said, "those who want to avoid Yoga can leave Hindustan". He added, "my humble request to those who see communalism in even Sun God would be to drown themselves in the sea or live in a dark room for the rest of their lives.

During the intolerance debate in the Indian media in late , Adityanath compared actor Shah Rukh Khan to Pakistani terrorist Hafiz Saeed. He said, "Shah Rukh Khan should remember that majority population of the Country made him the Star, and if they boycott his films, he will also have to wander on streets. It is unfortunate SRK is speaking the same language that of Hafiz Saeed."

On January , a day after the terrorist attack on an Indian air force base in Pathankot allegedly by Pakistani terrorists, Adityanath said, "The Pathankot attack has once again proved that Satan could change for the better but Pakistan cannot".

Adityanath has praised the US President Donald Trump's decision to enact a ban on citizens from Muslim-majority countries entering the United States and has called for India to adopt similar policies to tackle terrorism.

Hindi World News

MCD polls: BJP releases final list of candidates

NEW DELHI: Braving the weight from a few quarters, the BJP figured out how to discharge its second and last rundown of 100 possibility for the MCD surveys on Monday offering need to ladies, only a couple of hours before the end of selections.

The rundown indicates duty of the gathering towards ladies strengthening, said a senior gathering pioneer.

The noticeable confronts who have been given ticket incorporate Poonam Parasar Jha, Delhi BJP Mahila Morcha president and spouse of previous MLA Anil Jha. She will challenge on Mubarakpur Dabas ward in North Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC).

The BJP has handled six Muslim hopefuls in the MCD surveys. The last rundown named Rubina as gathering applicant from Quraish Nagar in NDMC and Jamal Haidar from Abul Fazal Enclave in South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC). Mobile Number database provider                   

The last rundown included names of 34 hopefuls in NDMC, 40 in SDMC, and 26 in East Delhi Municipal Corporation (EDMC).

The gathering had yesterday reported its first rundown of 160 competitors. There are a sum of 272 wards in the three metropolitan enterprises in the city, incorporating 104 each in South and North Delhi civil organizations and 64 in the East Delhi city partnership.

Source:- Timesofindia 

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